Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex syndrome defined by a decrease in renal function. The incidence of AKI has raised in the past decades, and it is associated with negative impact in patient outcomes in the short and long term. Considering the impact of AKI on patient prognosis, research has focused on methods to assess patients at risk for developing AKI, diagnose subclinical AKI, and on prevention and treatment strategies, for which it is crucial an understanding of pathophysiology the of AKI. In this review, we discuss the use of easily available parameters found in a complete blood count to detect patients at risk for developing AKI, to provide an early diagnosis of AKI, and to predict associated patient outcomes.
Last updated: 08/08/2019